The extraction and processing of petroleum, and its availability, is a major driver of the world's economy and global politics.
Petroleum products are fuels made from crude oil and other hydrocarbons contained in natural gas. Petroleum products can also be made from coal, natural gas, and biomass.
After crude oil is removed from the ground, it is sent to a refinery where different parts of the crude oil are separated into useable petroleum products. These petroleum products include gasoline, distillates such as diesel fuel and heating oil, jet fuel, petrochemical feedstocks, waxes, lubricating oils, and asphalt.
Light crude oil is liquid petroleum that has a low density and flows freely at room temperature. It has a low viscosity, low specific gravity and high API gravity due to the presence of a high proportion of light hydrocarbon fractions. Usage is for transportation, petroleum products (fuel, gas oil, diesel, gasoline & etc.), and plastic.
Is highly viscous oil that cannot easily flow to production wells under normal reservoir conditions. Has been defined as any liquid petroleum with an API gravity less than 20°. Heavy crude oil is closely related to natural bitumen from oil sands. Bitumen is the heaviest, thickest form of petroleum.
Is a highly refined fuel for high-speed compression ignition diesel engines in motorcars, commercial road vehicles and heavy earth moving equipment, as well as medium-speed stationary engines and locomotive engines. Low sulphur distillate fuel for commercial, industrial heating installations, domestic lighting and heating applications.
Fuel oil is a fraction obtained from petroleum distillation, either as a distillate or a residue. Fuel oil is made of long hydrocarbon chains, particularly alkanes, cycloalkanes, and aromatics. The term fuel oil is also used in a stricter sense to refer only to the heaviest commercial fuel that can be obtained from crude oil, i.e., heavier than gasoline and naphtha.
Also known as bunker fuel, or residual fuel oil, HFO is the result or remnant from the distillation and cracking process of crude oil. HFO is contaminated with several different compounds including aromatics, sulfur and nitrogen, making emission upon combustion more polluting compared to other fuel oils.
Contain small amounts of hydrocarbon waxes that tend to precipitate in large interlocking crystals at low temperatures. These hydrocarbon waxes are largely normal paraffin. This interlocking of the crystals sets up a gel structure that causes the fuel oil to lose its fluidity.
CST 180 fuel oil is any liquid petroleum that can be burned in a boiler or furnace that ultimately generates heat or used for the generation of power in engines. ... It is also used as maritime fuel on large ships and also can help generate power. Fuel oils are used as fuel for power generation, marine bunkers and large industrial heating plants
Is a substance, usually organic, introduced to reduce friction between surfaces in mutual contact, which ultimately reduces the heat generated when the surfaces move. Lubricants are also used for cooking, bioapplications on humans, ultrasound examination, and medical examination.