For centuries, wheat has been one of the most important food crops cultivated by civilizations around the world. Today wheat ranks as the second most consumed grain in the world, trailing only rice in annual consumption. Farmers can easily grow wheat in a multitude of different climates. The crop stays fresh for a long time and has a high nutritional value. These facts ensure that wheat will remain an important food staple and a valuable commodity for the foreseeable future.
Wheat is a member of the grass family and contains several essential vitamins and minerals including B vitamins, calcium, iron and protein. As a result, food products represent the major demand component for wheat.
Wheat used for foodstuff, is classified as:
In addition to foodstuffs, wheat is used in other industries: